Foundation Year


Understand that English is one of many languages spoken in Australia and that different languages may be spoken by family, classmates and community (ACELA1426)

  • Talk to students about different ways people speak.

  • Listen to different languages spoken in your school and wider community.

  • Talk about what languages students in the classroom speak: fluently, can understand but can’t speak, know a few words etc.

  • Make a wall map of all the languages known and spoken in the classroom, being sure to include as many Aboriginal languages as possible. Add them to a world map and Australian map.

  • Use the Australian languages map to show the diversity of languages across the country.

Recognise that texts are created by authors who tell stories and share experiences that may be similar or different to students’ own experiences (ACELT1575)

  • Share stories and other texts that reflect the social, cultural and linguistic groups to which students belong.

  • Share stories by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander storytellers from books, online as well as from local community members. Present in a range of languages: traditional Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, creoles and other new varieties of English as well as in English.

Humanities and Social Sciences (HASS) –History

Who the people in their family are, where they were born and raised and how they are related to each other (ACHASSK011)

  • Compare family structures of children in the classroom including the names given to family members: mother, father, grandparents and siblings etc. in different dialects and languages, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages.

  • Create family trees with students including nuclear and extended families, using drawings, photos and label with language names.

  • Be explicit about the linguistic similarities and the differences. Celebrate both.

  • Explore and present other families in the school community, the wider community as well as nationally and internationally including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families from a variety of languages groups.

How the stories of families and the past can be communicated, for example through photographs, artefacts, books, oral histories, digital media, and museums (ACHASSK013)

  • Share family stories of children in the classroom and identify the languages and countries from which they come on the world map and the Australian languages map.

  • Recognise and value oral traditions passed down from generation to generation and their relevance to the past as well as to the present and the future. Listen to them in a variety of languages including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages, both traditional and new language varieties such as creoles.

Humanities and Social Sciences- Geography

The representation of the location of places and their features on simple maps and models (ACHASSK014)

  • Explore the variety of ways Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples represent the location of Country/Place and their features from a range of language groups. For example, by the variety of styles of inscriptions on stone, stories, sand, bark and cave paintings as well as through song, music and dance.

The Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Country/Place on which the school is located and why Country/Place is important to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACHASSK016)

  • Invite traditional custodians and local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to talk about the importance of country, place and language to them.

  • Work with Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people to find out about places in the local area / region / state that have significance for them. Find out the language names for these places (where appropriate) and add them to your class maps.

The reasons why some places are special to people, and how they can be looked after (ACHASSK017

  • Identify places students and their families consider to be ‘special’ and discuss how they look after them.

  • Work with Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander families and groups to locate places of family significance and how they look after them (these could include historical sites, places for hunting, meeting places, bush camps, reconciliation gardens etc.) Learn the languages names (where available and appropriate).

  • Identify and use the name of the local Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander custodians and other Language Groups in the area.

  • Identifying how and why the words Country/Place are used by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples for the places to which they belong and learn the local language word/s for these terms (where available and appropriate).


Establish understanding of the language and processes of counting by naming numbers in sequences, initially to and from 20, moving from any starting point (ACMNA001)

  • Read stories from languages and cultures that students in the class are connected to and that feature counting in sequence to assist students to recognise ways of counting in different languages and across cultures.

  • Include the counting systems of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages and cultures.


Daily and seasonal changes in our environment, including the weather, affect everyday life (ACSSU004)

  • Consider Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander language groups from across the country and how their concepts of time and weather patterns explain how things happen in the world around them (see Indigenous Weather Knowledge on BOM site).

  • Invite Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in your school community or region to share their ideas about weather and time and learn appropriate language words that can be incorporated into daily class